and Benevolent Societies
Betit looks at the records held by voluntary societies, and
genealogical information they can reveal.
memberships are not simply interesting historical side notes
to add to our family histories. They may be the key to important
genealogical information kept about members. The records of
fraternal and benevolent societies may have preserved birth
place or place of origin abroad, in addition to residence,
occupation, and closely associated individuals such as sponsors
into the organization.
plaque certifying membership in the
Loyal Orange Association.
Belonging to societies and associations was a common feature
in the lives of North Americans in the 19th and 20th centuries,
in both rural and urban areas. Societies were especially important
among immigrants. Our ancestors joined a myriad of societies:
religious, political, ethnic, charitable, fraternal. Many
were organized partly for mutual aid or insurance purposes,
meaning that the organization would provide for members in
case of sickness or death in the family. In 1896, there were
reported 4,764,098 members of fraternal organizations. The
Odd Fellows and the Freemasons were the two largest societies,
each with nearly a million members. A list of the largest
fraternal societies in the US, as shown in the 1896 World
Almanac, may be found on John Yates’ website (www.wf.net/
~jyates/join.htm). Another good reference for many American
societies is Alvin Schmidt’s Fraternal Societies (Westport,
CT: Greenwood Press, 1980).
Among the large fraternal societies were the Freemasons, the
Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias, all non-denominational
organizations, and the Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal
organization of men. Some of the societies were specifically
ethnic, such as the Ancient Order of Hibernians for the Catholic
Irish or the Croatian Fraternal Union of America. Many North
American membership organizations had their origins in the
British Isles, such as the Freemasons with the Grand Lodge
of England and the Loyal Orange Lodges with the Grand Orange
Lodge of Ireland. Many of the organizations for men had complementary
women’s organizations, such as the Ladies’ Orange
Lodges or the Rebekahs (paired with the Odd Fellows).
The number of possible societies you may encounter is vast.
This article gives some examples but you will need to search
for your own societies and records depending on the time period
and social characteristics of your ancestors. You may find
records in unexpected places and in endangered condition.
To use society records to trace your ancestor, you will need
to do two things: first, identify a society to which your
ancestor belonged; second, locate the records of that society.
Identifying a Society
Ethnic origin is a prime clue to what societies an ancestor
may have joined since many societies were composed of immigrants
and their children from a particular country, such as the
Sons of Norway and the German choral societies that existed
across the US.
Knowing to what religion ancestors belonged may help determine
society membership. For example, the Knights of Columbus have
strictly Catholic members, while the Orange Lodge was an entirely
Social or economic status may be an indicator. The very poor
did not belong to the Freemasons, who had membership dues
that had to be paid. Similarly, we would expect the more well-off
to be members of charitable organizations like the Charitable
Irish Society of Boston. Other organizations included a wider
range of economic classes, such as the Ancient Order of Hibernians,
where ethnic origin and religion were common denominators.
The political choices of families often are related to their
religious denomination, such as the correlation between nationalism
and Roman Catholicism in Ireland. There may also be legends
in a family concerning political activity. Once the political
activity of a family has been determined then the search can
begin for any published articles and books, political newspapers,
or thesis papers concerning the organization. Examples include
Irish nationalist groups like the United Irishmen and the
Irish Repeal Societies.
Many tombstones in North America bear the symbols of fraternal
organizations to which deceased people had belonged, and in
many cases the societies took care of the funeral and burial
arrangements. You can use the symbols found on a tombstone
to find out what society your ancestor may have belonged to.
If there is no legend or record of society membership in a
family, do not assume they did not belong to any. Societies
were very popular in the 19th century, acting as one of the
major social outlets of the time. It may be worthwhile to
examine a county history, city history or local directory
to find which societies were in operation during the time
your family was in a specific location.
The status of records varies with the society and its record
keeping policies. Unfortunately, many records were disposed
of over the years. Often if records survive it is because
copies from local chapters of a society were sent to a state,
provincial or national headquarters. As society membership
declined in North America during the twentieth century local
lodges, divisions and chapters closed. The records of a defunct
organization could be almost anyplace if they were kept at
If the organization is still in operation, contact the local
chapter to see if they have records. If not then contact the
state, provincial or national society. You may find many current
society headquarters’ addresses and descriptions in
Encyclopedia of Associations, published by Gale Research,
for organizations in the US and worldwide. An Internet version
is available only through libraries (see galenet.gale.com).
For Canada, you can consult the Directory of Associations
in Canada/Repertoire des Associations du Canada, published
by Micromedia Limited, and Associations Canada: an encyclopedic
directory, published by Canadian Almanac & Directory Publishing
Contact libraries in the town or city where the local organization
was located. Often old records of a community are stored in
a special collections section of the library. Contact public,
university, historical society, college libraries and religious
Identify in directories the officers of the organization at
the time it ceased to meet. You may use city or county directories
or a society’s national or district directory. Then
determine if their families or descendants hold the chapter’s
records among their private papers.
Search the Internet, and any printed or online catalog, which
inventories manuscript collections. The Cyndi’s List
website’s “Societies and Groups — General”
has links to websites for many ethnic, fraternal and other
The National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
is a massive resource. NUCMC is a cooperative cataloging program
operated by the US Library of Congress. The catalogs from
1986/87 to present are searchable online (lcweb.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/),
while those dating 1959-1985 are in print form only. For example,
using the online NUCMC search engine, you can find that the
minutes of the Curtis Encampment No. 77 Independent Order
of Odd Fellows (Newtown, Pennsylvania), 1882-1936, are at
the Buck County Historical Society in Doylestown, Pennsylvania.
Contact organizations such as the Balch Institute for Ethnic
Studies Library in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the Immigration
History Research Center at the University of Minnesota, St.
Paul, which collect society records.
Freemasonry has long been a tradition which attracted many
members in Great Britain, Ireland, North America and elsewhere.
The Masonic Lodge is a fraternal organization which is open
to persons of all religious faiths. “Organized”
Freemasonry can be traced to 1717 when four London lodges
formed themselves into the Grand Lodge of England. From 1751-1813
there was a rival Grand Lodge of Antients, and the two lodges
came together as the United Grand Lodge of England in 1813.
Around 1725, the Grand Lodge of Ireland was formed and, in
1736, the Grand Lodge of Scotland. These British and Irish
Grand Lodges spread Freemasonry throughout the world, granting
warrants to lodges in British North America. The Canadian
provinces and the US states gradually formed their own Grand
Lodges when many of the subordinate lodges were transferred
to them from a British or Irish Grand Lodge. Artisans and
shopkeepers were often Masons, and lodge membership did require
dues beyond the means of the very poor. Papal Bulls denouncing
Freemasonry as incompatible with Roman Catholicism were published
in 1799, 1821 and 1825. This decreased but did not eliminate
the membership of Catholics in Masonic Lodges.
For information about the records of Freemasons in England,
see Pat Lewis’ book My Ancestor was a Freemason (London:
Society of Genealogists, 1999). Her book deals with the history
of Freemasonry and how to find the records of Freemason ancestors.
For details about the lodges and records of the Grand Lodge
of Ireland, see Philip Crossle’s Irish Masonic Records
(Dublin: Grand Lodge of Ireland, 1973). and Dwight A. Radford’s
article “Irish Masonic Records: A Protestant and Catholic
Source” in The Irish At Home and Abroad journal [3 (4)
(1995/96): 140-149]. This article lists the Irish lodges in
1804 by their civil parish of location.
The United Grand Lodge of England and the Grand Lodge of Ireland
have membership and other records for each of the local lodges
around the world to which they granted warrants. Membership
records in Ireland generally begin in the 1760s. The membership
records of Cork City and Dublin City through 1860 have been
indexed. There is an alphabetical index of all new members
of the Grand Lodge of Ireland since 1875. Since the Grand
Lodges in Britain and Ireland oversaw subordinate lodges throughout
the British Empire, the earliest records of Canadian or American
lodges may be in England, Ireland or Scotland. Other types
of Grand Lodge records include correspondence files, subordinate
lodge minute books and orphanage records.
Masonic records may provide vital information such as birth
place or death data and may document transfers between lodges.
Two sets of membership records were kept by the lodges, generated
at the local level, with one copy being sent to the Grand
Lodge. The addresses of the various Grand Lodges can be found
in the List of Lodges — Masonic (Bloomington, IL: Pantagraph
Printing & Stationery Co.), published annually. The directory
only includes active lodges. The individual Grand Lodges may
be able to provide information about inactive lodges.
Grand Lodge record keeping varies. For example, the Grand
Lodge of Utah has an index to all members in the state of
Utah. Most of the Grand Lodges in Canada also have alphabetical
card indexes to their membership records. Some local Masonic
lodge records of Canada have been deposited in archives. Many
old records for individual lodges in New Brunswick and Prince
Edward Island are at the corresponding Provincial Archives.
With its roots in England, the International Order of Odd
Fellows (IOOF), as known today, began in 1819 with the institution
of a lodge in Baltimore, Maryland. In the early days, membership
in lodges of the IOOF was limited to white men (membership
is now open to men and women of all races). Black men joined
Odd Fellow Lodges that were chartered by The Grand United
Order of Odd Fellows. Each Grand Lodge and Rebekah Assembly
keeps the annual reports from all of the lodges under its
jurisdiction for as far back as the records survive. An annual
report lists the current members and dates of membership change,
such as when a member joined the lodge (by initiation or transfer)
and when a member left the lodge (by death, resignation, or
transfer). Details, such as what lodge the member transferred
to or from, are in lodge records. When a lodge closed and
surrendered its charter, its records were to be transferred
to the Grand Lodge or Rebekah Assembly office. When a lodge
consolidated with another lodge, its records were supposed
to be transferred to the other lodge. For further details
see the IOOF Family History Research Page (http://www.ioof.org/FamilyResearch.html).
The Knights of Columbus is a Roman Catholic men’s fraternal
organization. It was founded in New Haven, Connecticut, in
1882. Since then the Knights have expanded widely with over
a million and a half members today. The Order’s Supreme
Council Office is still in New Haven. There are Knights of
Columbus in various parts of the world: the US, Canada, Mexico,
the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Panama, Cuba, Guam,
the Virgin Islands, the Dominican Republic, and Japan. A Knight
must be a male over the age of 18 and a practicing Roman Catholic.
Copies of records from individual local councils are returned
to the Supreme Council. The Supreme Council Archives has nine
of the original insurance record books for the earliest councils,
including one started in Montreal in 1897. All other insurance
books and records are with the Director of Membership, to
whom correspondence should be directed. To access records
you will need to know the town where your ancestor was a member,
and his division number if there was more than one division
in the town. The “nativity” is given in some of
the records, but outside the US and Canada, they only give
the name of the country, such as “Ireland.” Other
information may include occupation, the date initiated, the
age at initiation, the beneficiary and the date of birth.
These records are in order by council number, and then by
The Order of Knights of Pythias is an international non-sectarian
fraternal order, founded in 1864 in Washington, D.C. The Supreme
Lodge office does not keep records of individual members in
its archives. The Supreme Lodge has jurisdiction over the
entire Order in Canada and the US. A Grand Lodge has jurisdiction
over all lodges within a particular province, state, district
or territory. The best source for information about former
members is either the Grand Lodge or preferably, the local
subordinate lodge involved. Each state or province has its
own method of record-keeping. For example, the Grand Lodge
of Massachusetts’ files include each man’s biographical
history since 1869 in a card system that records the man’s
birthday, his address at the time of initiation, his occupation
at time of initiation and the dates that he took his three
ranks in the initiation process. The card also includes the
dates he held various offices, the dates of honors he received,
and his date of death. Order of the Knights of Pythias: The
Official Pythian Lodge Directory includes lodges throughout
the US as well as Ontario and Quebec.
War Veterans Groups
membership card for the veterans organization the Grand
Army of the Republic.
The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was formed in 1866 for
Union veterans of the Civil War. In 1890, the GAR claimed
427,981 members, 41 percent of the total of 1,034,073 Union
veterans alive in that year. When the last Civil War veterans
died in the 20th century, the GAR posts died out with them.
The posts in turn belonged to state departments, which were
overseen by the national headquarters. Many records may be
found in local or state historical libraries and museums,
American Legion Posts, or with descendants of past members,
and some records are at the Family History Library. Records
often list name, place of enlistment, unit name, and place
of birth. There is a web page on “Tracing a Veteran
with GAR Records” (pages.prodigy.com/CGBD86A/pg6rec.htm). Another helpful resource is the GAR Civil
War Museum and Library which has some GAR records and information
about other repositories that hold GAR records in particular
The United Confederate Veterans was an organization similar
to the GAR that had camps all over the southern US. It was
headquartered in New Orleans. The modern-day camps of the
Sons of Confederate Veterans may have records of previous
United Confederate Veterans groups in their custody (see scv.org).
Hundreds of fraternal or mutual aid societies based on common
ethnicity, such as the Sons of Norway, were formed in the
United States and Canada. Just about every ethnic group had
one or more associated societies, often organized to provide
mutual aid in case of death or injury. For example, many cities
in North America had 19th-century societies named after St.
Andrew (for the Scots), St. George (for the English) and St.
Patrick (for the Irish). Records of these societies may be
in local or university libraries, such as the Metropolitan
Toronto Reference Library for some of the Toronto societies.
The Croatian Fraternal Union, a fraternal benefit association
that was organized in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1894, promotes
the history and heritage of Croats and maintains scholarship
and old age benefit funds. The Immigration History Research
Center’s directory Records of ethnic fraternal benefit
associations in the United States: essays and inventories
(St. Paul, MN: The Center, 1981) lists ethnic fraternal benefit
associations with their history, activities and extant records.
There are two notable repositories in the US that collect
records of North American ethnic societies. The Immigration
History Research Center (IHRC) at the University of Minnesota
gathers, preserves and makes available archival and published
resources documenting immigration and ethnicity on a national
scope. These materials are particularly rich for ethnic groups
that originated in eastern, central and southern Europe and
the Near East. Some IHRC collection profiles were published
in The Immigration History Research Center: A Guide to Collections
(Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991), edited by Suzanna Moody
and Joel Wurl. John Andreozzi’s Guide to the Records
of the Order Sons of Italy in America (St. Paul, MN: Immigration
History Research Center, University of Minnesota, 1989) describes
the records of the large Sons of Italy Archives at the IHRC.
The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies in Philadelphia collects
documentation of American immigration, ethnic groups and ethnic
societies. Manuscripts and printed works are included. For
example, the Balch Institute has a significant collection
from some Irish ethnic societies. The Balch Institute is the
official repository for records of the Loyal Orange Institution
in the US and also has records for some Ancient Order of Hibernians
Besides membership records, many of the 19th- and 20th-century
ethnic societies published newspapers full of genealogically
valuable details. For example, the Ukrainian National Association
published a newspaper named Svoboda, and the IHRC holds A
select index to Svoboda: official publication of the Ukrainian
National Association, Inc., a fraternal association, compiled
by Walter Anastas and Maria Woroby.
Irish Ethnic Societies
Irish immigrants, beginning as early as the 1730s, formed
a range of specifically Irish fraternal, charitable, and political
societies in North America. Some of these were Protestant
and Loyalist, some Catholic and Nationalist, others with different
purposes or agendas. Historical background and references
for further study of these societies is given in Michael F.
Funchion’s Irish American Voluntary Organizations (Westport,
CT: Greenwood Press, 1983).
Successful 18th- and 19th-century Irish immigrants established
organizations to provide relief to destitute Irish immigrants
arriving in America. These included the Charitable Irish Society
of Boston (founded in 1737); the Society of the Friendly Sons
of St. Patrick for the Relief of Emigrants from Ireland of
Philadelphia (founded in 1771); the Society of the Friendly
Sons of St. Patrick in the City of New York (formed in 1784),
and the Hibernian Society of Charleston, South Carolina (founded
in 1799). Members of these societies were successful businessmen,
merchants, politicians and professionals. Membership and assistance
were usually open to both Catholics and Protestants. The societies’
records tend to consist of minutes and published biographies
of the members.
In the larger American cities of the 19th century, such as
New York City, Philadelphia and Boston, Irish immigrants formed
associations of those coming from the same county, often organized
for mutual aid and sickness and death benefits. Some of these
organizations were known simply by their county names while
others had different titles, such as the Knights and Ladies
of St. Finbar, the County Cork association in Boston. Some
of the societies survive to this day while others went out
of existence. Some, such as the County Roscommon Association
of Boston, were revived after decades of inactivity. The county
associations were generally composed of Catholics and could
include immigrants and their American-born descendants.
The records of the county associations are often limited to
minutes of meetings and lists of members. However, even this
information is very valuable to the researcher since simply
finding an ancestor or other relative as a member of one of
these county associations identifies the county of origin.
Membership applications may give more specific origins within
the county. Commemorative histories published on the occasion
of anniversaries (such as 50th or 100th) include biographies
and lists of members, officers in particular. Examples include
The Heart’s Own People: A History of the Donegal Beneficial,
Social, Charitable and Patriotic Association of Philadelphia
(Newtown Square, PA: Harrowood Books, 1988), edited by Dennis
Clark for its 100th anniversary, and The Rebel, Diamond Jubilee,
County Corkmen’s Association of New York, a memorial
volume produced in 1959 for the 75th anniversary. Unfortunately,
the whereabouts of the records of many of these associations
are unknown. The older records of organizations that remain
active may be retained by the organizations.
In 1801 the Act of Union united Great Britain and Ireland
as the United Kingdom. Many of the Irish, both those living
at home and those abroad, opposed the union and eventually
organized opposition to it in both Ireland and North America.
They were most often known as “repeal societies”
or “Friends of Ireland.” The North American societies
were strong in the period 1841-1845 in cities such as Boston,
Halifax, New York and Philadelphia.
The records left behind by the repeal societies in North America
are primarily in the form of lists of those attending repeal
association meetings, published in newspapers in the early
1840s, such as the Boston Pilot and the Halifax Register.
These lists sometimes provided only the names of the attendees
or the names and the amounts they contributed to the collection
of funds for the movement. However, often these newspaper
lists gave the specific origins of Irish immigrants. If the
list doesn’t give origins, it may still suggest relatives
or people who immigrated from the same place in Ireland. Most
members were Irish Catholics.
The Boston Pilot, a Catholic Irish-American newspaper, published
many reports on the repeal societies throughout the US and
New Brunswick during the 1840s with lists of members and their
origins in Ireland. In the early 1840s, the Register, the
Catholic newspaper in Halifax, Nova Scotia, published a number
of lists of members from Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island,
usually giving places of origin in Ireland. For details of
other known lists see Kyle J. Betit’s article “Irish
Repeal Societies in North America,” in The Irish At
Home and Abroad [5 (1) (1st Quarter 1998): 23-25].
Order of Hibernians
Ancient Order of Hibernians (the Coalton, West Virginia
branch of which is shown above) was one of several Irish
The AOH has its roots among Roman Catholics in Ireland and
later reached America in 1836 in New York City. Originally
a secret society, the AOH was strictly Catholic in nature
and remains so today. Requirements for membership in the AOH
include being of Irish descent or birth, a practicing Catholic
and at least 16 years of age. There were AOH divisions in
Canada including Toronto and Montreal, but the only one known
to survive is in Montreal, and the Montreal lodge retains
some membership applications going back to the early 1900s
occasionally giving places of origin in Ireland. There were
hundreds of AOH divisions throughout the US.
The AOH has given insurance benefits to its members, operated
newspapers and funded many Catholic causes and cultural activities
throughout America. Records generated by the AOH of genealogical
value include division records (membership applications, minute
books), directories, histories and newspapers. Sometimes the
records of defunct divisions remain at the church or hall
where the division met. If a division is still functioning,
it may retain its records.
The membership applications usually only ask whether a person
was of Irish birth or Irish descent and a Roman Catholic.
The applications give a physical description, age and occupation,
and they ask whether the applicant was ever a Hibernian in
another city, and if so, the division number. The division
minute books note transfers into the division and often where
members transferred in from. There are listings of proposed
members and who proposed them. Further details about AOH records
may be found in Dwight A. Radford’s article, “Records
of The Ancient Order of Hibernians in the United States”
in The Irish At Home and Abroad [4 (4)(4th Quarter 1997):
Orangeism is a Protestant fraternal organization formed in
Ireland in 1795 on the basis of loyalty to Crown, Country
and Protestantism. In the beginning, Orange membership was
drawn from the laboring and artisan classes of the Church
of Ireland. Orange influence was quickly spread by British
military soldiers, and immigrants to America, Canada, England
and Scotland. Later it was brought to Australia, India, New
Zealand and South Africa. In each country, Orangeism is organized
under a Supreme Grand Lodge within which each state or province
has a Grand Lodge. The local subordinate lodges are organized
under each state or provincial Grand Lodge. Orangemen arrived
in Canada in 1800, and the Loyal Orange Association of British
North America (LOA) was formed in 1830. Ontario and New Brunswick
had the earliest and strongest Orange presence in British
North America. In many early pioneering communities, the Orange
Hall was the first building to be constructed. By the 1870s
about one-third of all Protestant males in Canada were active
A pro-British stance would have been considered unpatriotic
in the US, so the emphasis of the Loyal Orange Institution
(LOI) there was on the Protestant aspect of the organization.
Although Orangemen arrived in America perhaps as early as
1820, they were not fully organized until 1870 when the Supreme
Grand Lodge was established. By 1873, there were 100 lodges
with 10,000 members in the US. Around the turn of the 20th
century, the center of American Orangeism was in Pittsburgh
and Philadelphia where many Irish Protestants settled.
Records of interest to the family historian produced by the
Loyal Orange Lodges include transfer certificates showing
previous lodge membership, minute books with notations of
transfers and proposals for membership, membership lists with
biographical data, Orange newspapers and lodge directories
and listings. The records of active lodges usually remain
with the individual lodges. The official procedure in Canada
requires records of defunct lodges to be deposited with the
provincial Grand Lodge. However, there has been varying compliance
with this procedure. The provincial Grand Lodges have some
minute books and transfer certificates. Canadian Orange Headquarters
in Willowdale, Ontario, while not an on official repository,
has some minute books and transfer certificates from dormant
lodge records, particularly from lodges in Ontario. The records
of defunct lodges may also be found in private hands or in
libraries and archives, such as the Archives of Ontario. The
Balch Institute has acted as the official repository for the
records of the dormant Orange Lodges in the US since the 1980s.
Prior to this arrangement, many records were lost or destroyed
when lodges were disbanded. Most of the current Balch Institute
collection is for lodges in the Pennsylvania area with a few
from New York.
Background material regarding the Orange order may be found
in Houston and Smyth’s book The Orange Order in Nineteenth
Century Ontario: A Study in Institutional Cultural Transfer
(Toronto: Department of Geography, University of Toronto,
1977); and Gordon Keyes’ book Orangeism: Its Roots and
Branches (Willowdale, ON: Canadian Orange Headquarters, 1980).
OrangeNet includes a genealogy web page (www.orangenet.org/).
records hold great potential to provide important details
about our ancestors. The challenge is to find records relating
to the society your ancestor belonged to. As discussed previously,
there are numerous tools and strategies to help you in this
process. I would also like to suggest that you become a genealogical
preservationist as well as researcher. Help get society records
you discover preserved in an appropriate archives for which
others will benefit in their future searches.
I would like to thank the following for their assistance with
information for this article: Dwight A. Radford, professional
genealogist in Salt Lake City; Norman Ritchie, former Supreme
Grand Secretary, LOA in Canada; Walter Wilson, Supreme Grand
Secretary of the LOI; John Concannon, former Archivist of
the AOH; Susan Brosnan, Archivist, and Larry W. Mitchell,
Director of Membership of the Knights of Columbus; Alfred
Saltzman, Supreme Secretary, Knights of Pythias; Margaret
Atkinson, Secretary, GAR Civil War Museum and Library; Heather
Muir, Assistant Curator, Immigration History Research Center;
and the staff of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies Library.
I would like to thank Suzanne McVetty, C.G., of Carle Place,
New York, and John Yates, of Wichita Falls, Texas, for previewing
this article and for their helpful suggestions.
• Ancient Free & Accepted Masons, Grand Lodge of
Iowa Masonic Library: 813 First Avenue, SE, PO Box 279, Cedar
Rapids, IA 52406.
• Ancient Order of Hibernians in America, Office of
the National Secretary, Thomas D. McNabb: 31 Logan Street,
Auburn, NY 13021.
• Grand Army of the Republic Civil War Museum and Library:
4278 Griscom Street, Philadelphia, PA 19124-3954; Tel: (215)
289-6484; Internet: http://garmuslib.org/
• Grand Lodge of Ireland: Freemasons’ Hall, 17
Molesworth Street, Dublin 2, Ireland; Tel: (01) 6761337; Internet:
• Grand Lodge of Scotland: Freemasons’ Hall, 96
George Street, Edinburgh EH2 3DH, Scotland; Tel: (0131) 225
• Grand Orange Lodge of Canada: 94 Sheppard Avenue West,
Willowdale, ON M2N 1M5, Canada;
• Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland: 65 Dublin Road, Belfast
BT2 7HE, Northern Ireland; Tel: (028 90) 322801; Internet:
• Knights of Columbus Supreme Council: 1 Columbus Plaza,
New Haven, CT 06510; Tel: (203) 772-2130; Internet: www.kofc.org
• Knights of Pythias Supreme Lodge: 59 Coddington Street,
Suite 202, Quincy, MA 02169-4150; Tel: (617) 472-8800; Internet:
• Loyal Orange Institution of the United States, Supreme
Grand Secretary, Walter Wilson: 1315 Biggs Road, Wilmington,
• United Grand Lodge of England: Freemasons’ Hall,
60 Great Queen Street, London WC2B 5AZ, England; Tel: (0171)
article originally appeared in the January/February 2001 issue
of Family Chronicle.